By J. Dee Kille
The "Red scare" of the Fifties created a countrywide challenge that challenged innovations of loyalty and freedom of speech in each nook of yankee society. The difficulty used to be particularly problematical in American universities, the place traditions of educational freedom chanced on themselves at odds with political concerns stemming from the chilly struggle. The collage of Nevada in Reno used to be no exception. The college prior to and through global warfare II used to be a small (fewer than 2,000 scholars) college providing simple courses to a mostly Nevada-based scholar physique within the nation’s least-populated country. The campus used to be quiet, safe, conventional, and usually conservative. The postwar years introduced booming enrollments and new school contributors, many from outdoors Nevada, imbued with a feeling of the significance of study and of shared educational governance. quickly, the college came across itself embroiled in an extreme controversy that threatened its educational integrity or even raised matters approximately its destiny as a manageable establishment. The 1952 appointment of Minard W. Stout as president caused the predicament. Mandated via a conservative Board of Regents to "clean up" the collage, Stout delivered to his new task a willing feel of project and a strident dedication to an authoritarian, top-down chain of command. His next battles with school and scholars over their position in collage governance and over the very nature of upper schooling quickly degenerated into indignant accusations of college Communist sympathies and sour confrontations over educational loose speech, educational freedom, and loyalty. The typhoon introduced the collage nationwide notoriety and made the management of upper schooling an important factor inside of Nevada, eventually regarding the nation legislature and the courts for you to get to the bottom of the clash. J. Dee Kille’s full of life and insightful account of the trouble "on the hill" rests on a variety of archival assets, interviews and oral histories, college files, and released resources. of important curiosity to readers drawn to Fifties Nevada, the booklet additionally serves as a strong case learn of the devastating influence of McCarthyism, suspicion, and repression on an American college in this turbulent period within the nation’s heritage.
Read Online or Download Academic Freedom Imperiled: The McCarthy Era at the University of Nevada (Wilbur S. Shepperson Series in Nevada History) (Wilber S. Shepperson Series in Nevada History) PDF
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Extra info for Academic Freedom Imperiled: The McCarthy Era at the University of Nevada (Wilbur S. Shepperson Series in Nevada History) (Wilber S. Shepperson Series in Nevada History)
Anderson, a local physician, member of the alumni executive committee, friend of the three English professors, and future member of the Board of Regents, visited President Stout’s oﬃce on the morning of April 6, 26 Academic Freedom Imperiled 1953, shortly after the show-cause letters had been issued. ’’ Robert Gorrell, too, remembers the specter of ‘‘Reducator’’ hanging over his head during this time. The attorneys for the three English faculty ‘‘persuaded us at once that if we went into that .
Once again, the supreme power of authoritarianism was displayed for those who refused to see the light. 37 By the time the public hearing began on May 25, 1953, a local league of socially prominent citizens and political hopefuls had decided to challenge Stout and the regents. The Richard- 22 Academic Freedom Imperiled son case became a national cause célébre and put un on the front pages across the land. 38 Although the charges against faculty members varied across campuses and included everything from insubordination, being uncooperative with the administration, Communist sympathies, and invoking the Fifth Amendment, all of the cases, at their core, dealt with academic freedom.
B. Matthews. ’’ A second letter concerning the Matthews article was sent to Shannon on May 18, by Helen Wittenberg, secretary of the Friends of the University and wife of one of Richardson’s attorneys. ’’ Stout said, however, that although he personally did not believe so, he was afraid that others might regard Richardson’s presidency of the Nevada chapter of the aaup with disfavor, especially in connection with the article by Matthews in American Mercury that had been widely read in the community.