By Ph.D. Rob Johnston
Identifies and describes stipulations and variables that negatively have an effect on intelligence research. Investigates analytic tradition, method, errors, and failure in the Intelligence neighborhood. makes use of an utilized anthropological technique that comes with interviews, direct and player commentary, and concentration teams. encompasses a bibliography.
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Additional resources for Analytic Culture in the United States Intelligence Community: An Ethnographic Study
The science of intelligence is yet to be invented. Charles Allen 5 Developing an intelligence taxonomy is complicated by the fact that the literature in the field is episodic and reflects specialized areas of concern. Perhaps it is best to begin with what appears to be a key distinction between general analysis and intelligence analysis, that of solving a problem in the public domain, and solving a problem in a private or secret domain. Ronald Garst articulates two arguments that are used to support this distinction: intelligence analysis is more time sensitive than analysis in other domains and it deals with information that intentionally may be deceptive.
9 Kent’s approach to analysis was to reduce the process to smaller functional components for individual study. 10 For example, he described intelligence analysis as having a basic descriptive element, a current reporting element, and an estimative element. Following suit, other authors focused attention on the process or methodological elements of intelligence analysis. In Intelligence Research Methodology, Jerome Clauser and Sandra Weir followed Kent’s three functional areas and went on to describe basic research foundations and the inductive and deductive models for performing intelligence analysis.
In the case of intelligence analysis, deception is the rule; the validity of the data is always in doubt. Moreover, intelligence analysts are specifically trained to take deception into account as part of the analytic process—to look for anomalies and outliers instead of focusing on the central tendencies of distribution. The taxonomy being developed here requires a definition of intelligence analysis that is specific to the field. Intelligence pioneer Sherman Kent, who saw intelligence as a “special category of knowledge,” laid the foundation for understanding the activities inherent in intelligence analysis by demonstrating that the analytic process itself was subject to being analyzed.